Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones
Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 29 (2013) 117-25 - Vol. 29 Num.3 DOI: 10.5093/tr2013a17
I am engaged, I feel good, and I go the extra-mile: Reciprocal relationships between work engagement and consequences
Me implico, me siento bien y me esfuerzo al máximo: las relaciones recíprocas entre engagement en el trabajo y consecuencias
Silvia Simbulaa, Dina Guglielmib
a Universit?? degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Italy
b Universit?? degli Studi di Bologna, Italy
Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine longitudinal relationships between work engagement and mental-health problems, job satisfaction, and extra-role performance (traditionally considered as work-engagement "outcomes") in terms of reciprocal causality. On the basis of the Conservation of Resources theory, the Broaden-and-Build theory, and previous studies, we hypothesized that the relationships between work engagement and such variables are reciprocal over time. The study was conducted among 157 schoolteachers, and the time lag was of five months on average. Results of structural-equation-modelling analysis showed that the model with reciprocal relationships exhibited the best fit with the data. Specifically, work engagement at T1 predicted mental-health problems, job satisfaction, and organizational citizenship behaviours at T2. Moreover, T1 mental-health problems were negatively related to T2 work engagement, whereas T1 job satisfaction and T1 organizational-citizenship behaviours were positively related to T2 work engagement. Overall, our findings provide evidence for a reciprocal influence between engagement and these constructs, meaning that none of them can be considered as only a cause or only a consequence.

Palabras clave
Engagement en el trabajo, Satisfacción laboral, Comportamientos organizacionales de ciudadanía, Salud mental, Estudio longitudinal
Keywords
Work engagement, Job satisfaction, Organizational citizenship behaviours, Mental health, Longitudinal study
Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 29 (2013) 117-25 - Vol. 29 Num.3 DOI: 10.5093/tr2013a17