Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones
Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 29 (2013) 107-15 - Vol. 29 Num.3 DOI: 10.5093/tr2013a16
La teoría de las demandas y los recursos laborales
Job demands-resources model
Arnold B. Bakkera, Evangelia Demeroutib
a Erasmus University Rotterdam, Holanda
b Eindhoven University of Technology, Holanda
Abstract

The question of what causes job stress and what motivates people has received a lot of research attention during the past five decades. In this paper, we discuss Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) theory, which represents an extension of the Job Demands-Resources model (Bakker & Demerouti, 2007; Demerouti, Bakker, Nachreiner, & Schaufeli, 2001) and is inspired by job design and job stress theories. JD-R theory explains how job demands and resources have unique and multiplicative effects on job stress and motivation, and proposes the existence of reciprocal relationships between these variables. We hope that JD-R theory may help to guide future research and practice such that employees can work in healthier, more engaging, and more productive working environments.

Palabras clave
Teoría de DRL, Demandas laborales, Recursos laborales, Estrés, Motivación
Keywords
JD-R theory, Job demands, Job resources, Stress, Motivation
Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 29 (2013) 107-15 - Vol. 29 Num.3 DOI: 10.5093/tr2013a16